Le Blog Finance

Syrie : la production alimentaire en péril, le blé, l’autre arme du conflit

Inquiétudes supplémentaires pour le peuple syrien. Alors que le pays va entrer dans son sixième hiver de guerre, le Programme alimentaire mondial (Pam) et l’Organisation pour l’alimentation et l‘agriculture (Fao), la production alimentaire de la Syrie n’a jamais été aussi faible.

La production de blé est ainsi tombée d’une moyenne de 3,4 millions de tonnes par an avant le conflit à 1,5 million de tonnes cette année, selon un communiqué conjoint de ces agences de l’Onu.

Selon un rapport s’appuyant sur des visites de terrain et des enquêtes à travers le pays, la superficie plantée en céréales au cours de la campagne agricole 2015-2016 est la plus petite jamais réalisée. Les agriculteurs ont semé quelque 900 000 hectares de blé au cours de l’année écoulée, contre 1,5 million d’hectares avant la crise.

“La production alimentaire de la Syrie atteint un record à la baisse du fait des affrontements et de l’insécurité mais aussi à cause des conditions météorologiques”, a tenu à préciser quant à elle Bettina Lüscher, porte-parole du Pam, lors d’un point de presse à Genève.

«Aujourd’hui, nous constatons que près de 80 % des ménages syriens sont aux prises avec une pénurie de nourriture ou d’argent permettant d’acheter de la nourriture. Et la situation ne fera que s’aggraver si nous ne soutenons pas les agriculteurs pour qu’ils puissent conserver leurs terres et leurs moyens d’existence», a déclaré M.Abdessalam Ould Ahmed, Sous-directeur général et Représentant du Bureau régional de la FAO pour le Proche-Orient et l’Afrique du Nord. «L’agriculture était la principale source de revenus des ménages ruraux avant la crise et elle continue à produire dans une certaine mesure, mais elle est étirée au maximum et les agriculteurs ont largement épuisé leur capacité de faire face à la situation», a-t-il ajouté.

«La situation alimentaire de millions personne à l’intérieur de la Syrie continue de se détériorer. Plus de sept millions de personnes sont classées en situation d’insécurité alimentaire à travers le pays. Elles ont épuisé toutes leurs économies et n’ont plus rien à offrir à manger à leurs familles», a indiqué de son côté M. Muhammad Hadi, Directeur régional du PAM pour le Moyen-Orient, l’Afrique du Nord, l’Asie centrale et l’Europe de l’Est.
Selon les dernières enquêtes auprès des ménages, quelque 9,4 millions de personnes à travers la Syrie ont besoin d’assistance, soit quelque 716 000 de plus qu’en septembre 2015. Les gouvernorats qui ont le plus grand nombre de personnes dans le besoin sont Quneitra, Dara’a, Damas, Idleb et Alep.

- Quand la Syrie passe d’exportateur à importateur de blé - 

Berceau mondial de l’agriculture, implantée dans le Croissant Fertile, la Syrie connaît actuellement une situation dramatique sur le plan agricole. Une situation liée certes au conflit, mais aussi à une sécheresse endémique qui s’explique en grande partie par les effets du changement climatique dans la région.

Jusqu’à une période récente, le secteur agricole constituait pourtant l’une des forces du pays. La Syrie était même le seul pays de la région à être auto-suffisant sur le plan alimentaire et elle était aussi exportatrice de blé.

Début 2013, l’Organisation des Nations unies pour l’alimentation et l’agriculture (FAO) indiquait ainsi que la production de blé et d’orge avait diminué de moitié en Syrie depuis mars 2011. En 2013, la récolte de blé aurait été la plus mauvaise depuis trois décennies. Les besoins du pays sont évalués quant à eux à 5,1 millions de tonnes.

La Syrie est par conséquent devenue importatrice de blé. Selon l’agence Reuters, elle aurait ainsi importé 550 000 tonnes de blé en 2012 et jusqu’à 2,4 millions de tonnes en 2013.

Outre le blé, le pays produisait aussi de l’orge, des betteraves à sucre, des fruits, des légumes et de l’huile d’olive. Avant la guerre, l’agriculture représentait ainsi 25 % du PIB syrien et employait 14 % de la population active du pays.

Face à une telle situation, l’instabilité que connaît le pays n’a pu que s’aggraver, le contexte générant un  exode rural massif, une forte augmentation du prix des denrées alimentaires et un  accroissement de l’insécurité alimentaire . Si entre 2011 et 2014 le prix du pain a été multiplié par trois, il s’est envolé de 87 % entre 2014 et 2015.

La dépréciation de la livre syrienne limite encore plus la capacité des Syriens à payer leurs importations essentielles. En raison à la fois des sanctions économiques, des perturbations du marché et de la baisse de la valeur de la livre syrienne, les prix des intrants agricoles ont également augmenté plus vite que ceux des produits finis.

- Quand réchauffement climatique et conflit génèrent l’exode rural

Certes, le secteur agricole se trouve grandement désorganisé en raison du conflit, ce dernier provoquant tout à la fois une insécurité physique pour les agriculteurs, l’indisponibilité de la main-d’œuvre, la destruction de matériels agricoles, des dommages sur les systèmes d’irrigation, l’augmentation du prix du carburant, des coupures d’électricité. Et bien d’autres maux.

Mais durant la période 2007-2008, la Syrie a subi la sécheresse la plus grave depuis plus de quatre décennies. Celle-ci a eu des conséquences dramatiques pour le secteur agricole – avant même que ne débute le conflit – en provoquant un effondrement de la production et même une véritable désertification de terres agricoles. Ces effets de la sécheresse sur la production agricole ont aussi été aggravés par le manque d’entretien des systèmes d’irrigation construits dans les années 1970 par les Soviétiques.

Selon un rapport des Nations unies publié en 2010, la population affectée par la sécheresse à la fin des années 2000 a vu ainsi son revenu décroître de plus de 90 % en moyenne. De nombreux agriculteurs n’ont pas eu de récoltes pendant deux années consécutives et des bergers ont perdu plus de 80 % de leurs troupeaux. Une très large majorité de la population touchée a également souffert de malnutrition. Au total, plus de 1,5 million de personnes auraient été ainsi contraintes de se déplacer du Nord-Est du pays vers les villes du Sud.

Certains observateurs considèrent même que la sécheresse des années 2000 a largement contribué au déclenchement du conflit en Syrie. Ils ont notamment constaté que les premiers lieux de soulèvements se trouvaient dans les régions agricoles les plus économiquement touchées par la sécheresse.

Au-delà, le secteur agricole syrien souffre également de mauvais choix opérés par les gouvernements syriens, notamment une mauvaise utilisation des ressources en eau.

Un rapport publié par la Banque mondiale en 2001 prévenait la Syrie à ce propos en expliquant que « le gouvernement devra reconnaître qu’atteindre une sécurité alimentaire à court terme en ce qui concerne le blé et les autres céréales tout en encourageant une production de coton qui exige beaucoup d’eau est à même de remettre en cause la sécurité de la Syrie sur le long terme en réduisant les ressources disponibles des nappes phréatiques ».

- Blé et secteur agricole : une arme stratégique et juteuse pour Daesh

La présence territoriale de l’EI « se superpose » avec les « greniers à céréales » de la région, soit le nord de l’Irak et le nord-est de la Syrie, soulignait déjà en août 2015 Sébastien Abis, chercheur à l’Institut des Relations internationales et stratégiques (Iris) et auteur de la « Géopolitique du blé ».

En Syrie, les djihadistes ont mis la main sur 30 % de la production de blé, dans les régions de Rakka et Deir es-Zor ainsi que sur les trois-quarts de la production de coton, dont la Syrie était un grand exportateur avant la guerre.

Lors de leur offensive éclair dans le nord de l’Irak en juin 2014, les combattants de l’EI ont pris le contrôle des silos à grains des provinces de Ninive et Salahadine, qui concentrent plus d’un tiers de la production de blé et 40 % de celle d’orge du pays.
Daesh s’est ainsi emparé de plus d’un million de tonnes de blé, « soit un cinquième de la consommation annuelle irakienne », estime Jean-Charles Brisard, spécialiste du financement du terrorisme.

Or, comme dans tout le Moyen-Orient et l’Afrique du Nord, le pain représente la base de l’alimentation en Irak et en Syrie, qui doivent désormais importer du blé. Une « opportunité » que les djihadistes ont su saisir – voire provoquer ? – en transférant beaucoup de blé d’Irak en Syrie pour le transformer en farine et le revendre.

Le blé permet également de s’assurer les bonnes grâces des populations. Daesh  distribue ainsi du pain gratuitement ou à très bas prix dans les zones sous son contrôle.

- Le pays en panne de semences

A noter enfin, qu’en raison de la guerre et de la fermeture d’un centre stratégique de stockage de semences à Alep, les agriculteurs syriens n’avaient plus accès à aucune des semences développées par les agronomes locaux.

Il a fallu demander au conservatoire mondial basé en Norvège de reprendre le matériel génétique syrien stocké chez eux pour pouvoir faire repartir la multiplication des plantes, désormais assurée dans des pays voisins de la Syrie.

Le conflit a considérablement réduit la capacité du gouvernement de se procurer et de distribuer des semences de qualité à des prix subventionnés. De ce fait, de nombreux agriculteurs sont contraints de puiser dans leurs stocks de semences, d’emprunter auprès de proches ou d’acheter des graines au prix fort sur le marché.

Pour aider les familles à continuer à cultiver et à élever du bétail, la FAO a depuis début 2016 soutenu plus d’un demi-million de personnes en leur distribuant des semences de céréales et de légumes et de la volaille vivante pour l’élevage. Elle a également livré du fourrage et organisé des campagnes de vaccination.

Sources : Reuters, PAM, Banque Mondiale, FAO, AFP

Elisabeth Studer – 16 novembre 2016 – www.leblogfinance.com

Partager cet article

Article de

97 commentaires

  1. Elisabeth Studer 17 novembre 2016 à 02:12

    La Russie fournit (aussi) du blé à la Syrie

    PUBLIÉ LE 14/10/2016
    La Syrie a commandé 1 million de tonnes de blé auprès de la Russie pour satisfaire les besoins alimentaires des régions restées sous le contrôle de Bachar al-Assad, affirme Reuters.

    L’agence syrienne d’achat de céréales aurait conclu avec la Russie un accord en vue de l’achat d’un million de tonnes de blé, indique l’agence Reuters. L’objectif serait de couvrir pour une durée d’un an les besoins dans les zones contrôlées par le gouvernement, afin d’assurer la fourniture de pains subventionnés à ces populations. D’après l’Organisation des Nations unies pour l’alimentation et l’agriculture (FAO), 9,4 millions de personnes, soit plus de la moitié de la population syrienne, sont incapables de satisfaire leurs besoins alimentaires de base.

    Le prix proposé par les autorités russes s’élèverait à 168 dollars la tonne, coûts et fret inclus, un montant bien inférieur à celui proposé à d’autres pays, dont l’Egypte, premier acheteur mondial de blé. La Russie bénéficie, cette année, d’une récolte record de céréales (113 millions de tonnes). La Syrie avait déjà acheté 350 000 tonnes de blé d’origine russe durant l’été.

  2. retrouvé le retour 17 novembre 2016 à 18:16

    Le “croissant fertile” !! c’est de l’histoire ancienne qu’elle est la production de céréales des voisins.

    Si la Russie bien plus au nord a des récoltes record sur du terrain non cultivable avant à cause du froid, il faut prévoir le corollaire au Sud. La désertification.

    La côte syrienne peut craindre d’autre part un méga tremblement de terre avec monstrueux tsunami !!
    Il ne faut pas croire que la plaque africaine n’est plus en mouvement vers le nord !!

  3. ES 17 novembre 2016 à 19:22

    irak : bataille agricole et bataille de l’eau
    http://www.irinnews.org/fr/report/89037/irak-la-production-nationale-de-riz-et-de-bl%C3%A9-au-plus-bas

    L’Irak prévoit d’importer 80 pour cent de ses besoins en blé et riz en 2010, d’après Hussein Ghazy, porte-parole de Grains Company, une entreprise publique de céréales affiliée au ministère du Commerce.

    Les statistiques du ministère du Commerce indiquent que l’Irak a importé 3,55 millions de tonnes de blé et 1,17 million de tonnes de riz l’année dernière – contre respectivement 2,54 millions de tonnes et 610 000 tonnes en 2008.

    La hausse des importations est la conséquence des faibles niveaux d’eau de l’Euphrate et du Tigre, qui provoquent la baisse de la production, a dit Aoun Thiab Abdullah, du ministère des Ressources en eau. Il a averti que l’Iraq pourrait être confronté à une autre saison agricole difficile cet été.

    « La quantité d’eau que nous recevons de l’Euphrate à la frontière avec la Syrie s’élève à environ 250 mètres cube par seconde, ce qui est encore bas… Quant au Tigre, nous avons observé une baisse de 50 pour cent du débit, qui est passé de 1 680 mètres cube par seconde [en avril 2003 et avant] à 836 mètres cube par seconde ». Il a noté que les réservoirs alimentés par le Tigre présentaient actuellement un niveau raisonnable.

    Cependant, les trois plus grands réservoirs alimentés par l’Euphrate – le réservoir d’Haditha, Mosul Dam et Habaniyah Lake – connaissent de graves pénuries d’eau, a-t-il dit.

    En raison des pénuries d’eau et des niveaux élevés de salinité des sols, le gouvernement a décidé en 2009 de réduire de moitié la zone de culture de riz, qui dépend entièrement de l’eau de l’Euphrate.

    « Cette situation nous inquiète, en particulier parce que la saison d’été approche, et que cela pourrait même affecter le début de la prochaine saison d’hiver, période à laquelle la première irrigation est nécessaire [en octobre et novembre] », a dit M. Abdullah.

    Un secteur agricole faible

    La plupart des terres irakiennes – 78 pour cent – ne sont pas adaptées à l’usage agricole. Près de la moitié des 9,5 millions d’hectares restants sont des terres marginales utilisées principalement pour le pâturage saisonnier des chèvres et des moutons, d’après un rapport de juin 2004 destiné au Congrès américain. La production agricole ne représente qu’environ quatre pour cent du Produit intérieur brut.

    L’agriculture a été paralysée par des décennies de guerre et d’insécurité, le sous-investissement et l’abattage non contrôlé des arbres pour produire du bois de chauffage, qui a aggravé la salinité et la désertification. D’après le ministère de l’Agriculture, la salinité affecte au moins 40 pour cent des terres agricoles, principalement dans le centre et le sud de l’Irak, tandis que 40 à 50 pour cent des terres qui étaient productives dans les années 1970 ont été affectées par la désertification.

    Un rapport de l’Organisation des Nations Unies pour l’alimentation et l’agriculture (FAO) a estimé qu’un « tiers de la population irakienne réside dans des zones rurales et a des moyens de subsistance qui dépendent de l’agriculture. Cependant, ce segment de la population souffre proportionnellement plus [que les autres] de la pauvreté et de l’insécurité alimentaire, puisque 69 pour cent de l’ensemble des Irakiens vivant dans l’extrême pauvreté et l’insécurité alimentaire résident dans des zones rurales ».

    D’après la FAO, les cultivateurs de blé irakiens ont observé une baisse de 55 pour cent de la production en 2008 en raison d’un contexte de sécheresse sévère, et la dépendance aux importations a augmenté en 2008, atteignant 74 pour cent pour le blé et 69 pour cent pour les céréales en général.

  4. retrouvé le retour 17 novembre 2016 à 22:57

    Merci pour les données !! Nos pingouins, dit de droite, prisonniers d’une “primaire” débile montrent clairement qu’ils n’ont rien dans la citrouille !!
    Pour ce qui est du ludion Sarko et de son copain, de moins de 30 berges, Juppé, il est clair qu’en attaquant Kadhafi au profit des islamistes ils sont devenus des criminels qui seront jugés.
    La France n’a pas besoin de ce genre de criminels, nous n’avons pas besoin non plus, car notre modèle est la laïcité, de tous les états religieux fauteurs de guerre et de misère du Moyen Orient, leur liquidation viendra plus rapidement que certains ne le pensent.

  5. ES 17 novembre 2016 à 23:05

    ca devrait vous plaire :

    Le défunt colonel Kadhafi déclarait à une télévision turque le 7 mars 2011 (huit mois avant sa mort) : «La négligence sur la stabilité de la Libye entraînera l’effondrement de la paix dans le monde via la non-stabilité en mer Méditerranée. Dans le cas où notre pouvoir en Libye devrait s’achever, il y aurait un déversement de millions d’Africains clandestins en Italie, en France… »
    Et de poursuivre : «… et l’Europe deviendrait noire en peu de temps. C’est notre pouvoir qui bloque l’immigration clandestine. C’est grâce à nous qu’il règne la stabilité en Méditerranée, tout au long des 2.000 km de côtes libyennes. Nous empêchons l’immigration, le développement d’Al-Qaïda. Sauf pour ceux qui se sont faufilés jusqu’à présent. Donc, si la stabilité de la Libye venait à être ébranlée, cela aurait immédiatement des mauvaises répercussions sur l’Europe et en Méditerranée, et sur Israël. Tous seront en danger.»
    Comme quoi 41 années de pouvoir autocratique avaient donné au «guide de la révolution de la Jamahiriya arabe libyenne» un certain recul visionnaire sur la géopolitique de sa région. La responsabilité des occidentaux et de leur guide éclairé, BHL, est d’autant plus grande dans les drames qui se jouent sur la méditerranée.
    Rappelons que c’est une mirage 2000D de l’escadron de chasse 3/3 Ardennes qui a stoppé le convoi qui transportait M.Kadhafi, amenant ainsi son arrestation, son exécution sommaire, et l’ouverture de la Lybie au déplacement des populations chassées par les islamistes vers le continent européen. En France, les élections présidentielles de 2017 pourraient bien être l’échéance des règlements de compte entre les responsbles français qui ont contribué à déclencher cette situation épouvantable.

  6. retrouvé le retour 19 novembre 2016 à 16:12

    BHL aussi il doit chercher de bons avocats !!
    Pour ce qui est de la ” chaine de commandement” qui est à l’origine de la livraison de Kadhafi et de son fils aux islamistes qui ont appliqué la Charia, ils peuvent se rendre à la Mecque, ou ils trouveront un refuge provisoire comme Idi Amin Dada ou Ben Ali !!
    Utiliser des gendarmes à la Mecque, après les avoir “convertis express” n’est pas plus malin surtout quand ils signalent à leur retour avoir participé à cette fantaisie !!
    Nous avons de “pseudo dirigeants contreversés” pire que les charlots qui étaient à la tête du” pseudo état français” du début des années 40

  7. pg 1 9 janvier 2019 à 03:30

    A lot of thanks for each of your labor on this web page. My niece enjoys making time for investigation and it’s really easy to understand why. We all know all about the dynamic mode you create insightful items on your web site and therefore increase response from other individuals on this idea plus our own child is actually studying a great deal. Enjoy the remaining portion of the year. You’re the one doing a fabulous job.

  8. links of london sale 10 janvier 2019 à 00:42

    My husband and i were now lucky Peter could deal with his studies through the entire precious recommendations he obtained while using the weblog. It is now and again perplexing to just happen to be making a gift of procedures which often the rest could have been selling. So we grasp we now have the website owner to give thanks to for that. The entire illustrations you’ve made, the simple site menu, the friendships you will make it easier to engender – it’s all wonderful, and it’s letting our son and us believe that the subject is awesome, and that is highly fundamental. Thank you for all!

  9. yeezy boost 350 10 janvier 2019 à 12:21

    I simply wished to appreciate you once again. I am not sure the things I would’ve carried out in the absence of the ways revealed by you directly on that situation. It has been a difficult matter in my view, but spending time with a specialised manner you dealt with it forced me to leap for happiness. Now i’m happier for the help and then sincerely hope you know what a powerful job you happen to be carrying out training others through your website. Probably you have never met any of us.

  10. longchamp handbags 10 janvier 2019 à 20:50

    I happen to be commenting to let you be aware of what a remarkable encounter my girl enjoyed reading through yuor web blog. She even learned a lot of details, not to mention what it is like to have a wonderful coaching style to make other individuals completely learn about chosen specialized subject matter. You actually exceeded my expectations. Thank you for producing those effective, healthy, revealing and also cool guidance on that topic to Sandra.

  11. foamposites 11 janvier 2019 à 14:24

    I would like to show my gratitude for your generosity giving support to persons that require help with your concept. Your real dedication to getting the solution all around became especially effective and have regularly empowered some individuals just like me to reach their endeavors. The helpful facts indicates so much a person like me and extremely more to my office colleagues. Regards; from all of us.

  12. nike air max 270 12 janvier 2019 à 07:24

    I am also commenting to make you be aware of of the terrific experience my cousin’s girl found visiting yuor web blog. She noticed many pieces, which included what it is like to possess a great teaching spirit to have the others without hassle learn about a variety of complex subject matter. You really exceeded people’s expected results. Many thanks for delivering these necessary, healthy, educational as well as unique thoughts on this topic to Gloria.

  13. off white jordan 1 13 janvier 2019 à 03:14

    Thanks so much for providing individuals with an exceptionally remarkable possiblity to read from this blog. It can be very nice and as well , stuffed with a good time for me and my office friends to visit your web site more than 3 times in one week to learn the latest secrets you will have. And lastly, I am also certainly astounded with all the remarkable tips and hints served by you. Selected 1 points in this posting are completely the most effective I have had.

  14. calvin klein outlet online 13 janvier 2019 à 23:20

    I wish to point out my love for your kindness supporting men and women that require help with in this theme. Your real dedication to getting the message across turned out to be especially advantageous and has always permitted men and women like me to arrive at their objectives. The warm and helpful help denotes a lot a person like me and still more to my peers. Regards; from everyone of us.

  15. air jordan 14 janvier 2019 à 14:39

    I precisely wished to thank you very much once more. I’m not certain the things that I would have done without the entire tips shared by you on this concern. Completely was a scary condition for me, nevertheless being able to see a new well-written approach you resolved that forced me to weep for contentment. I’m thankful for your assistance and then pray you find out what an amazing job you have been getting into training some other people via your site. I’m certain you have never come across any of us.

  16. nike epic react 15 janvier 2019 à 00:23

    Thanks a lot for giving everyone a very marvellous chance to check tips from this web site. It is often so sweet and as well , full of a great time for me and my office acquaintances to search your website a minimum of three times in one week to read the latest issues you will have. And indeed, I am actually fulfilled with all the great principles served by you. Selected 3 tips in this posting are in reality the very best we have ever had.

  17. lacoste polo 15 janvier 2019 à 08:32

    I actually wanted to construct a brief comment in order to say thanks to you for all the marvelous solutions you are writing here. My time-consuming internet investigation has finally been recognized with sensible tips to talk about with my classmates and friends. I would tell you that many of us readers actually are very much fortunate to be in a really good website with many perfect individuals with very helpful solutions. I feel quite privileged to have discovered the webpage and look forward to tons of more cool moments reading here. Thank you again for a lot of things.

  18. cheap jordans 15 janvier 2019 à 18:41

    Thanks for your entire effort on this web site. Debby take interest in managing investigations and it’s obvious why. Most people know all concerning the dynamic mode you create precious thoughts by means of the web blog and even recommend contribution from website visitors on the content and our own princess is in fact studying a whole lot. Enjoy the remaining portion of the new year. You are always carrying out a tremendous job.

  19. golden goose sale 16 janvier 2019 à 11:07

    I want to show some appreciation to you for bailing me out of this difficulty. As a result of looking through the the net and getting opinions which were not powerful, I believed my entire life was done. Being alive minus the solutions to the issues you have sorted out by way of your entire review is a crucial case, and those that could have badly affected my entire career if I had not discovered the blog. Your mastery and kindness in playing with almost everything was vital. I don’t know what I would have done if I had not come across such a step like this. I am able to at this point look forward to my future. Thanks for your time so much for your expert and sensible help. I won’t think twice to propose the blog to any person who should get care on this subject.

  20. nike cortez 16 janvier 2019 à 21:44

    My wife and i felt quite cheerful Jordan managed to complete his homework while using the precious recommendations he acquired from your web page. It’s not at all simplistic to simply always be giving freely tactics which often most people may have been making money from. We keep in mind we’ve got the writer to thank for this. The most important illustrations you’ve made, the straightforward site menu, the friendships your site make it possible to create – it’s most fantastic, and it is assisting our son in addition to our family reckon that that idea is amusing, and that’s exceptionally vital. Thank you for the whole thing!

  21. adidas yeezy boost 17 janvier 2019 à 03:08

    Thanks so much for providing individuals with an extraordinarily pleasant opportunity to read in detail from this site. It really is very pleasant and jam-packed with fun for me and my office acquaintances to search your website the equivalent of 3 times per week to read the fresh things you have got. And definitely, I am just actually amazed considering the remarkable inspiring ideas you give. Certain 4 areas on this page are particularly the best we’ve had.

  22. lacoste polo 17 janvier 2019 à 05:28

    Thanks for every one of your hard work on this web page. My mom take interest in working on investigations and it’s simple to grasp why. A number of us learn all of the powerful ways you convey invaluable guides via your blog and therefore encourage participation from visitors on the subject so our own daughter is always learning a lot of things. Take pleasure in the rest of the year. You’re the one performing a dazzling job.

  23. chrome hearts 17 janvier 2019 à 23:46

    I enjoy you because of your own work on this web site. My mother takes pleasure in conducting investigation and it is simple to grasp why. All of us notice all of the powerful tactic you deliver effective tips and hints via your blog and as well as foster response from other individuals on the matter and my simple princess has been studying a great deal. Take advantage of the remaining portion of the new year. Your conducting a fantastic job.

  24. adidas eqt 18 janvier 2019 à 06:51

    I truly wanted to send a small message in order to say thanks to you for these great techniques you are giving on this website. My extended internet research has finally been rewarded with sensible content to share with my relatives. I ‘d declare that we readers are very fortunate to be in a fantastic site with so many special professionals with beneficial ideas. I feel very much fortunate to have used your website and look forward to some more thrilling moments reading here. Thank you again for all the details.

  25. supreme clothing 18 janvier 2019 à 15:39

    I just wanted to compose a simple remark to be able to appreciate you for those marvelous facts you are posting here. My particularly long internet research has at the end of the day been paid with professional know-how to go over with my classmates and friends. I would state that that many of us website visitors are truly lucky to exist in a great network with many perfect people with very helpful points. I feel rather lucky to have come across the website and look forward to so many more exciting times reading here. Thanks a lot again for everything.

  26. adidas yeezy 19 janvier 2019 à 07:13

    I’m just commenting to make you understand of the fabulous encounter my wife’s girl went through using your web site. She picked up several things, with the inclusion of what it’s like to have a marvelous coaching heart to get many others easily learn chosen complex subject areas. You really exceeded visitors’ desires. I appreciate you for showing those valuable, trusted, edifying and even unique tips on that topic to Emily.

  27. hermes bag 19 janvier 2019 à 17:15

    I have to express my appreciation to the writer just for rescuing me from such a trouble. Right after searching through the search engines and obtaining basics which were not powerful, I believed my entire life was done. Existing minus the answers to the difficulties you have sorted out by means of your entire blog post is a crucial case, as well as the kind that would have adversely damaged my career if I hadn’t come across your web site. Your own personal ability and kindness in playing with every item was important. I don’t know what I would have done if I had not come upon such a solution like this. I’m able to now look ahead to my future. Thanks for your time very much for the professional and results-oriented guide. I will not hesitate to refer your blog post to anybody who wants and needs recommendations about this situation.

  28. nmd 19 janvier 2019 à 22:29

    I simply wanted to say thanks all over again. I’m not certain the things that I would’ve achieved in the absence of the actual hints shared by you over this area of interest. It was actually an absolute difficult issue for me, but considering your skilled tactic you processed the issue took me to jump with happiness. I’m happier for your work and even sincerely hope you are aware of a powerful job you are always doing training other individuals using your webblog. More than likely you have never met all of us.

  29. reebok outlet 20 janvier 2019 à 00:41

    Thanks so much for providing individuals with remarkably special chance to read from this web site. It can be very pleasurable and full of a lot of fun for me personally and my office friends to search your site more than thrice in one week to learn the new issues you will have. Of course, we’re at all times pleased with your mind-boggling ideas you serve. Selected 2 points on this page are unequivocally the most impressive we’ve had.

  30. mlb jerseys 20 janvier 2019 à 08:32

    I have to show my respect for your kind-heartedness supporting men and women who need guidance on this one idea. Your very own commitment to getting the message all through was definitely helpful and have truly empowered workers just like me to arrive at their ambitions. Your personal warm and helpful hints and tips denotes a lot a person like me and still more to my office workers. Best wishes; from all of us.

  31. nike huarache 21 janvier 2019 à 01:26

    I’m writing to let you understand what a helpful discovery my wife’s daughter experienced reading through your web page. She came to find too many details, including what it is like to have an excellent teaching style to make most people just learn about specified very confusing matters. You really exceeded readers’ desires. I appreciate you for showing the productive, trustworthy, educational as well as easy tips on this topic to Jane.

  32. golden goose outlet 21 janvier 2019 à 05:44

    I wish to express thanks to you for bailing me out of such a problem. After scouting throughout the world wide web and seeing proposals which were not powerful, I thought my entire life was done. Existing devoid of the solutions to the difficulties you have solved as a result of your good posting is a serious case, as well as the kind which may have adversely affected my entire career if I had not discovered your web page. Your good understanding and kindness in maneuvering every aspect was excellent. I don’t know what I would’ve done if I had not encountered such a point like this. I am able to at this moment look ahead to my future. Thanks a lot very much for your specialized and results-oriented help. I won’t think twice to propose the sites to anyone who should get guidelines about this issue.

  33. converse outlet 21 janvier 2019 à 08:33

    I simply wanted to construct a quick word so as to appreciate you for these awesome strategies you are giving out at this site. My time-consuming internet look up has finally been rewarded with good facts to exchange with my friends. I ‘d state that that most of us site visitors actually are truly endowed to live in a very good community with so many special professionals with valuable guidelines. I feel truly fortunate to have discovered your web site and look forward to really more thrilling moments reading here. Thanks a lot once more for everything.

  34. michael jordan shoes 22 janvier 2019 à 02:36

    Thank you so much for providing individuals with an extremely wonderful opportunity to read articles and blog posts from this blog. It’s always very pleasant and jam-packed with a good time for me personally and my office friends to visit the blog the equivalent of three times per week to study the new tips you have got. Of course, I’m just usually pleased with all the astounding suggestions you give. Some 2 facts in this article are undoubtedly the most suitable we have had.

  35. off white nike 22 janvier 2019 à 10:49

    I wanted to write down a small comment so as to say thanks to you for these splendid guidelines you are giving on this website. My rather long internet investigation has now been honored with extremely good strategies to share with my neighbours. I ‘d repeat that many of us visitors are unequivocally lucky to exist in a wonderful website with so many wonderful people with insightful solutions. I feel pretty happy to have seen your site and look forward to really more pleasurable times reading here. Thanks again for a lot of things.

  36. nmd 22 janvier 2019 à 21:00

    Thank you so much for giving everyone an extraordinarily special possiblity to discover important secrets from this blog. It is always so terrific and jam-packed with a great time for me personally and my office co-workers to visit the blog really thrice per week to find out the fresh things you have. And of course, I’m so actually happy with the amazing creative concepts you serve. Certain two facts in this post are rather the most impressive we have ever had.

  37. bape hoodie 23 janvier 2019 à 03:01

    I really wanted to type a simple word to say thanks to you for these great tactics you are posting at this website. My incredibly long internet search has now been paid with reasonable know-how to exchange with my neighbours. I would mention that most of us website visitors are very fortunate to dwell in a fantastic place with so many lovely people with valuable concepts. I feel extremely happy to have come across your entire web page and look forward to plenty of more cool moments reading here. Thanks a lot once again for a lot of things.

  38. kd 10 23 janvier 2019 à 10:59

    Thanks a lot for providing individuals with remarkably wonderful chance to read in detail from this site. It’s usually very cool plus stuffed with a great time for me and my office fellow workers to search your blog nearly 3 times in one week to see the new tips you have got. And definitely, I am also always fulfilled with the awesome advice you serve. Selected two ideas in this article are truly the simplest I’ve had.

  39. caterpillar boots 24 janvier 2019 à 03:33

    I’m writing to make you know what a great discovery my girl gained using your web page. She discovered numerous pieces, which included what it’s like to have a great teaching style to make many people without problems learn selected extremely tough subject matter. You truly surpassed her desires. I appreciate you for offering the valuable, safe, revealing and even cool tips about this topic to Lizeth.

  40. nmd 24 janvier 2019 à 11:58

    I intended to draft you one very little remark to help thank you yet again about the unique tips you have contributed in this case. This has been so generous of you giving without restraint just what numerous people would have sold as an electronic book to get some money on their own, especially considering that you might have tried it if you ever wanted. The tips also served as the great way to fully grasp that other individuals have a similar eagerness like mine to know the truth whole lot more on the topic of this condition. I’m sure there are a lot more pleasant instances up front for many who read carefully your blog.

  41. off white clothing 24 janvier 2019 à 21:41

    I precisely wished to appreciate you all over again. I’m not certain the things I would’ve gone through in the absence of those solutions discussed by you regarding such situation. Previously it was a frightful setting in my opinion, but taking a look at a well-written mode you treated it made me to jump over fulfillment. Extremely happy for this help as well as expect you recognize what a great job you’re accomplishing educating men and women with the aid of a web site. Most probably you haven’t got to know all of us.

  42. hi 25 janvier 2019 à 00:29

    Nice post. I was checking continuously this weblog and I’m inspired!
    Very useful info particularly the last section :) I handle such information a lot.
    I was looking for this particular info for a very long time.
    Thank you and best of luck.

  43. michael kors handbags 25 janvier 2019 à 04:02

    I precisely had to thank you very much once more. I do not know what I would’ve implemented in the absence of the entire creative ideas provided by you relating to such topic. It had become a very hard situation for me, however , observing this specialized strategy you managed it took me to weep with happiness. Now i am thankful for your advice and hope that you realize what a powerful job you happen to be getting into teaching some other people all through your site. Probably you have never got to know any of us.

  44. michael kors outlet 25 janvier 2019 à 12:52

    I simply wished to appreciate you all over again. I’m not certain the things that I would’ve undertaken without those ways provided by you over such subject. Completely was a fearsome concern for me personally, but looking at the very specialised style you processed that made me to jump with happiness. I’m just happier for your support as well as hope that you comprehend what a great job that you’re doing instructing men and women through your site. More than likely you haven’t got to know any of us.

  45. adidas nmd r1 25 janvier 2019 à 18:18

    My wife and i got very joyful when John managed to round up his analysis through the precious recommendations he got out of your web page. It is now and again perplexing to simply find yourself giving away guidance some people might have been making money from. Therefore we understand we need the writer to give thanks to for that. The specific explanations you’ve made, the simple website menu, the relationships you will make it possible to create – it’s got all astonishing, and it’s really helping our son and our family imagine that this topic is enjoyable, and that’s tremendously vital. Thanks for the whole lot!

  46. michael kors 25 janvier 2019 à 22:45

    I enjoy you because of every one of your work on this web site. My mum enjoys carrying out investigation and it’s simple to grasp why. We notice all relating to the powerful manner you make sensible tips and hints via this web blog and even increase participation from other people on this content plus our own simple princess is now being taught so much. Take pleasure in the remaining portion of the year. You’re carrying out a pretty cool job.

  47. goyard 26 janvier 2019 à 05:49

    I simply had to appreciate you all over again. I’m not certain what I might have made to happen without the type of suggestions revealed by you on such subject. It became a frightening concern in my opinion, nevertheless discovering a expert strategy you managed the issue took me to cry for contentment. I’m grateful for this guidance and in addition trust you find out what a powerful job you happen to be providing training many people by way of your web page. I’m certain you haven’t encountered any of us.

  48. Aundrea 26 janvier 2019 à 08:48

    Now it is time to decide your particular investments.

  49. Lemuel 26 janvier 2019 à 13:31

    Thanks for your interest in Funding Advice.

  50. Irving 26 janvier 2019 à 13:34

    Thank you in your curiosity in Funding Advice.

  51. Prince 26 janvier 2019 à 14:41

    That is true for investment recommendation as properly.

  52. michael kors factory outlet 27 janvier 2019 à 00:09

    I intended to post you one very small note to be able to thank you very much again for the fantastic thoughts you’ve shared at this time. It is so extremely generous of people like you to grant extensively what exactly many people could have made available as an e-book to generate some cash for their own end, mostly since you could possibly have done it in case you decided. The pointers likewise acted to become good way to be aware that other individuals have similar eagerness the same as mine to grasp a good deal more related to this matter. I’m certain there are millions of more fun sessions in the future for people who read through your site.

  53. Bette 27 janvier 2019 à 05:43

    Thank you for your curiosity in Investment Advice.

  54. curry 4 shoes 27 janvier 2019 à 07:03

    I together with my pals were digesting the excellent secrets and techniques found on your web site then before long got a horrible feeling I never thanked the site owner for them. Those young men were definitely consequently happy to study them and already have surely been having fun with these things. Thanks for simply being so helpful and for using this form of tremendous topics millions of individuals are really wanting to be informed on. Our own sincere apologies for not expressing gratitude to earlier.

  55. brazil flag coloring page 27 janvier 2019 à 07:58

    Hi, I do believe this is an excellent site. I stumbledupon it ;) I am going to
    come back once again since i have bookmarked it. Money and freedom is
    the greatest way to change, may you be rich and continue to guide
    other people.

  56. off white 27 janvier 2019 à 18:59

    Needed to put you this very small note to be able to say thanks a lot once again about the wonderful methods you’ve documented here. This is certainly extremely open-handed with people like you to make freely all numerous people could have offered for sale as an e-book to help make some profit on their own, primarily considering the fact that you might have done it in the event you desired. The basics also acted as a fantastic way to fully grasp that some people have the identical dreams similar to my personal own to realize lots more with regards to this matter. I think there are thousands of more pleasant periods ahead for people who scan your site.

  57. pandora charms 28 janvier 2019 à 07:07

    I would like to convey my appreciation for your generosity for men who really want help with that topic. Your very own commitment to passing the message across had been amazingly advantageous and has in every case made people much like me to arrive at their objectives. Your informative key points denotes so much to me and a whole lot more to my colleagues. Thanks a lot; from everyone of us.

  58. brazil nuts cholesterol 28 janvier 2019 à 07:36

    Awesome! Its actually remarkable piece of writing, I have got much clear idea regarding from this paragraph.

  59. michael kors outlet 3 février 2019 à 02:31

    Thanks a lot for giving everyone an extraordinarily terrific possiblity to read in detail from this site. It’s always very awesome and also full of a lot of fun for me personally and my office friends to visit your site at a minimum thrice in a week to read the new stuff you have got. Of course, I’m just usually happy with your good guidelines you give. Certain 3 points in this post are undoubtedly the simplest we have ever had.

  60. michael kors handbags 4 février 2019 à 01:21

    I simply had to appreciate you all over again. I do not know what I would have undertaken without these secrets discussed by you regarding that industry. It previously was a very difficult dilemma for me, however , taking note of a new well-written technique you managed that forced me to leap for gladness. Now i’m happier for the work and expect you comprehend what a great job you are doing instructing people via your website. I know that you’ve never come across any of us.

  61. Hollis 4 février 2019 à 01:35

    A monetary advisor is your planning partner.

  62. russell westbrook shoes 4 février 2019 à 12:48

    I and also my friends came taking note of the best information and facts from your website and then immediately developed an awful feeling I never expressed respect to the site owner for those strategies. All the people became absolutely happy to read them and now have pretty much been enjoying them. Thanks for turning out to be well considerate and also for making a choice on this kind of incredibly good useful guides millions of individuals are really needing to be informed on. Our own sincere apologies for not expressing gratitude to sooner.

  63. hermes handbags 5 février 2019 à 00:29

    I am only commenting to let you know of the impressive encounter my cousin’s princess found reading through your webblog. She discovered too many things, which include what it is like to have a very effective giving nature to get other folks without problems completely grasp some problematic subject matter. You truly exceeded people’s expectations. Thank you for giving those warm and friendly, dependable, informative and in addition fun tips about your topic to Julie.

  64. gucci belts 5 février 2019 à 10:32

    I want to show some appreciation to the writer just for bailing me out of such a setting. After browsing throughout the the net and finding suggestions that were not beneficial, I thought my life was gone. Existing without the presence of solutions to the problems you’ve solved all through your entire guide is a serious case, as well as ones which might have in a wrong way damaged my career if I hadn’t noticed the website. Your own personal knowledge and kindness in playing with a lot of stuff was excellent. I’m not sure what I would have done if I had not encountered such a stuff like this. It’s possible to at this point look forward to my future. Thanks so much for this high quality and amazing guide. I will not hesitate to recommend your web site to anyone who wants and needs guidelines on this situation.

  65. moncler outlet 6 février 2019 à 20:13

    I needed to draft you this bit of word in order to say thanks once again for those awesome things you’ve shown in this article. It is really strangely generous with people like you to provide without restraint all that most of us could have sold as an electronic book to help make some bucks for themselves, particularly given that you might have done it if you decided. These points additionally served as a good way to understand that many people have the identical desire similar to my personal own to grasp very much more in respect of this problem. I’m sure there are thousands of more enjoyable sessions in the future for many who read your website.

  66. Liam 7 février 2019 à 00:03

    And this is an funding risk value taking.

  67. hermes belt 7 février 2019 à 05:05

    I as well as my guys came reading through the great advice from your web blog and so quickly I got a terrible suspicion I had not expressed respect to the site owner for them. The ladies appeared to be consequently thrilled to study all of them and have in effect surely been enjoying them. Appreciate your really being quite accommodating and then for settling on this form of useful subject matter millions of individuals are really desperate to learn about. Our own sincere regret for not expressing gratitude to earlier.

  68. longchamp outlet 7 février 2019 à 18:10

    I precisely desired to say thanks yet again. I am not sure what I would have tried without the actual strategies documented by you on my industry. It was a very scary crisis in my position, however , considering the very specialised mode you solved the issue forced me to jump over gladness. I’m grateful for the help and even believe you comprehend what a great job you are putting in training the others using your web blog. I know that you haven’t come across all of us.

  69. their explanation 8 février 2019 à 00:55

    I just want to say I am newbie to blogging and truly loved you’re web page. Probably I’m likely to bookmark your site . You absolutely come with incredible stories. Bless you for sharing with us your blog.

  70. Ward 8 février 2019 à 05:42

    Schwab Clever Portfolios invests in Schwab ETFs.

  71. Concetta 8 février 2019 à 05:58

    Now it’s time to decide your particular investments.

  72. air jodan 6 8 février 2019 à 06:20

    I needed to draft you this little bit of observation to help say thanks a lot over again over the pleasant concepts you’ve documented on this page. This is certainly seriously open-handed of you to present unhampered precisely what a number of people might have sold for an e book to help with making some dough on their own, primarily considering the fact that you might well have done it if you wanted. The principles as well served as a good way to know that other individuals have the identical passion similar to my very own to realize somewhat more with regards to this issue. Certainly there are many more pleasurable situations ahead for individuals who examine your blog.

  73. off white hoodie 8 février 2019 à 19:30

    Thank you for all of your labor on this website. Betty loves going through investigation and it’s really easy to understand why. A number of us know all about the compelling mode you provide useful techniques via your web site and even increase response from website visitors on the point then my child is without question learning a whole lot. Enjoy the rest of the new year. Your conducting a wonderful job.

  74. Milagro 9 février 2019 à 01:25

    A monetary advisor is your planning companion.

  75. yeezy boost 350 9 février 2019 à 05:01

    I as well as my guys were analyzing the nice tips from your web page and the sudden developed a terrible feeling I never thanked the website owner for them. Those guys happened to be as a consequence joyful to study them and have really been enjoying them. Thank you for simply being indeed thoughtful and also for settling on this form of tremendous topics millions of individuals are really desirous to know about. Our honest regret for not expressing appreciation to you earlier.

  76. jordan 11 9 février 2019 à 17:38

    I am commenting to make you know of the impressive discovery my child encountered browsing your webblog. She came to find lots of pieces, with the inclusion of how it is like to possess a marvelous helping heart to let other people very easily gain knowledge of various multifaceted subject areas. You actually exceeded people’s desires. Thank you for churning out these essential, healthy, revealing and cool guidance on the topic to Janet.

  77. yeezy shoes 10 février 2019 à 18:45

    I am just writing to let you be aware of what a fantastic discovery my wife’s princess obtained reading your webblog. She came to find numerous things, including how it is like to possess an ideal helping spirit to let folks with no trouble understand several specialized subject matter. You undoubtedly exceeded readers’ expected results. Thanks for displaying these powerful, healthy, edifying and as well as fun thoughts on this topic to Sandra.

  78. John Deere Diagnostic and Test Manuals 11 février 2019 à 05:46

    My husband and i ended up being very cheerful when Ervin could finish off his investigation through the ideas he came across from your weblog. It is now and again perplexing to simply happen to be giving out key points which others could have been trying to sell. So we know we have you to be grateful to because of that. The explanations you made, the straightforward web site navigation, the friendships you help foster – it is many fabulous, and it’s helping our son and the family know that this idea is fun, and that’s incredibly vital. Thanks for all the pieces!

  79. Marilou 12 février 2019 à 04:42

    Now it is time to pick your particular investments.

  80. Owen 15 février 2019 à 01:22

    And that is an funding risk value taking.

  81. dbgcsturl 16 février 2019 à 23:06

    [url=http://canadadrugshtwi.com/]best canadian online pharmacy[/url] buy generic viagra canadian pharmacy review

  82. brgdstori 17 février 2019 à 02:19

    [url=http://canadianpharmacieshdfc.com/]canadian pharmacy review[/url] order generic viagra viagra online canadian pharmacy

  83. fbhxanync 17 février 2019 à 02:37

    [url=http://canadianonlinepharmacystbm.com/]canadian pharmacy online[/url] where to buy viagra canadian pharmacies

  84. Barrett 17 février 2019 à 02:53

    All kinds of investments include sure dangers.

  85. Emanuel 17 février 2019 à 03:14

    All varieties of investments include sure dangers.

  86. bsfcpsync 17 février 2019 à 20:15

    [url=http://onlinepharmacysrba.com/]online pharmacy canada[/url] cheap viagra pills canadian pharmacy king

  87. Freya 18 février 2019 à 01:37

    Financial advisors enterprise is folks business.

  88. hhfUnsuh 18 février 2019 à 13:10

    [url=http://canadianpharmacyonlinejycx.com/]online prescription[/url] viagra sample buy drugs from canada

  89. America Wirch 18 février 2019 à 16:39

    I have a website that has been up and running for some time now, and for numerous reasons I want to replace it with a WordPress site.. . So, how do I start building the WordPress site – in a seperate folder from the “public_html” folder? Then when you are ready to move it into the public_html folder, do you have to correct whatever file-paths and link errors?.

  90. bftdutela 18 février 2019 à 22:19

    [url=http://canadianpharmacyecyn.com/]costco online pharmacy[/url] cheap viagra canada precription drugs from canada

  91. brxcBease 19 février 2019 à 01:32

    [url=http://canadapharmacyonlineegol.com/]legit online pharmacy[/url] lowest price viagra canadian pharmacy meds

  92. Lakesha 19 février 2019 à 03:23

    Schwab Intelligent Portfolios invests in Schwab ETFs.

  93. hiiphape 19 février 2019 à 06:02

    [url=http://canadapharmacyonlinefako.com/]best canadian online pharmacy[/url] new viagra canadian pharmacy meds

  94. bgcsgriem 19 février 2019 à 08:13

    [url=http://canadianonlinepharmacyhtsv.com/]best canadian pharmacy[/url] viagra from india walmart pharmacy online

  95. rghuRooft 19 février 2019 à 12:49

    [url=http://canadapharmacysfzr.com/]trusted online pharmacy reviews[/url] buy viagra online without prescription canadian pharmacy online