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La Bourse de Madrid victime des mesures énergiques du gouvernement

benidorm_nocche2.jpgPour un peu, cela serait inquiétant … Alors que la Grèce doit faire face à d’importante difficultés financières tout en étant à nouveau l’objet d’attaques terroristes, que Sarkozy et Fillon ne savent comment annoncer à leurs chers concitoyens les mesures de rigueur envisagées pour satisfaire aux exigences de l’Union européenne, la Bourse de Madrid s’est quant à elle enfoncée dans le rouge durant la journée de jeudi.

Mais à part cela … tout va bien, ou presque. Les Français sont bientôt en vacances et les Bleus ont perdu. Quant à nos retraites ….

Madrid a nettement chuté jeudi peu avant la fin de séance tandis que Wall Street débutait en négatif à l’ouverture. L’indice Ibex-35 perdait ainsi 3,24% à 9.567 points vers les 17H05 (15H05 GMT).

Alors que le gouvernement espagnol a annoncé un gel des prix de l’électricité, accompagné de la suspension de la hausse de 4% des tarifs initialement prévue en juillet, les titres des entreprises d’électricité ont été largement boudés par les investisseurs.

Le but initial affiché par Madrid : aider les ménages et les entreprises à affronter la crise. Selon Miguel Sebastian, le ministre de l’Industrie, “la situation” “exige” la mise en oeuvre de telles mesures. Selon lui, l’énergie est “un facteur fondamental pour le bien-être des citoyens et la compétitivité” des entreprises.

Cette décision a été prise dans le cadre d’un accord entre le gouvernement socialiste et le principal parti d’opposition, le Parti populaire, préfigurant l’élaboration d’un “Pacte d’Etat sur l’énergie”, si l’on en croit M. Sebastian.

Le gouvernement socialiste de José Luis Rodriguez Zapatero entend en effet réexaminer “en profondeur” les coûts des entreprises électriques et réviser sa politique tarifaire. Rappelons que si depuis juillet 2009, le marché de l’électricité est totalement libéralisé, la tarification reste toutefois encadrée par l’Etat pour les particuliers et les PME.

Mais pris dans la tourmente baissière, le groupe énergétique Iberdrola n’en a pas moins cédé 4,52% à 5,085 euros, son concurrent Endesa reculant quant à lui de 3,04% à 13,33 euros.

Une tendance qui a également impacté les valeurs bancaires, déjà touchées ces derniers temps, les marchés s’interrogeant sur leur avenir. A noter tout particulièrement le retrait de 3,78% à 8,83 euros de l’action Santander.

Précisons qu’avant même d’observer l’effet négatif des mesures annoncées sur les titres des entreprises du secteur énergétique, la confédération des entreprises d’électricité, Unesa, avait réagi très négativement, en qualifiant la décision de “très grave”, arguant du manque à gagner qu’elle représentera pour les producteurs.

Rappelons que ces derniers étaient d’ores et déjà mécontents de la tarification actuellement en vigueur. Selon eux, celle-ci ne reflète pas les coûts réels de production pour les énergies renouvelables, essentiellement l’éolien et le photovoltaïque.


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16 commentaires

  1. Fabien 25 juin 2010 à 14:19

    Petite erreur dans le titre il me semble !
    En tout cas l’Espagne plonge bien bas depuis quelques années et même si son équipe nationale fait bonne figure au mondial 2010, ce n’est certainement pas cela qui remontera le moral à l’économie espagnol (et européenne en passant) !

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